Appendicits is the most common time sensitive surgical problem in the United States. The cause of appendicits is thought to be blockage of the lumen resulting in proliferation of bacteria and possible perforation. Common symptoms include right lower abdominal pain, nausea, and anorexia. Other disorders presenting similar symptoms include urinary track infections, ovarian disorders, ectopic pregnancies, inflammation of the colon or small bowel, and testicular disorders causing referred pain.
The gold standard treatment of appendicitis is Laparoscopic removal of the appendix. This is typically a same day outpatient procedure however, if perforation or abscess formation has occurred treatment may be slightly different and may require inpatient admission. There are no major long term consequences related to an absent appendix.